Dear Rich: Should I Trademark or Patent Doll?

From Dear Rich: Nolo’s Intellectual Property Blog.

Creeping baby doll

Dear Rich: I created a new plush doll from an original design. The intent is to manufacture and offer the doll for sale. Should I apply for a trademark or a patent?

We can’t tell you whether you should file a patent or a trademark, but we’ll give you some background on how those intellectual property decisions are made by doll companies.

Patents. You could file for a utility patent if you have created something functional — like the strange creeping doll pictured above. But you could not get a utility patent if the only thing that is novel about your plush doll is its appearance (though you could seek a design patent). After March 16, you cannot obtain patent protection if you have sold or publicly disclosed, or published information about your invention any time before you filed your patent application (except if the actual inventor-applicant created the publication and it was made up to one year before the filing date).

Doll companies weigh the time and expense it takes to get a patent (two years and several thousand dollars) versus the short shelf-life of many dolls, and typically do not pursue patent protection unless there is novel technology or functionality. It’s usually not a cost-effective strategy.

Trademarks. You can register a trademark for the name of the doll or you may be able to acquire trademark rights for the doll’s appearance (if it is particularly distinctive), as well. Protecting trademark rights are part of every doll company’s strategy. However. you can’t obtain a trademark registration until you have begun selling the dolls (though you can file an application reserving your rights).

Copyright. You didn’t mention copyright law which has been one of the most cost-effective types of protection for doll companies. (It certainly helped Cabbage Patch Kids and the Bratz.) Once you create the doll, you automatically receive a copyright. You can register that copyright relatively quickly (within a few months) and inexpensively ($35 to $65 depending on whether you choose paper or plastic).


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About Rich Stim

Attorney Richard Stim specializes in small business, copyright, patents, and trademark issues at Nolo. He practices law in San Francisco and has represented photographers, software developers, craftspeople, publishers, musicians and toy designers. He is the author of many books, including Music Law: How to Run Your Band’s Business; Patent, Copyright & Trademark: An Intellectual Property Desk Reference; and Profit From Your Idea. Stim regularly answers readers’ intellectual property questions at Dear Rich: Nolo’s Patent, Copyright & Trademark Blog. Rich is also an author on Intellectual Property Law Firms. Stim also produces audiobooks, such as Nolo’s Crash Course in Small Business Basics, and performs and records with two bands, MX-80 and angel corpus christi. You can also find Rich on Google Plus.

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